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Tuesday, 28 June 2011
Yemeni Revolution of Change & Saudi and United States Interest
Yemeni Revolution of Change & Saudi and United States Interest
By: Dr. Hamid Moqbil Nasr
We are on the threshold of the fifth month of the Yemeni youth revolution and there is no doubt that the increase period of time of the revolution resulted in a lot of suffering; either because of the anti-methods of Ali Saleh’s regime or because of the fragility and weakness of the Yemeni economy. The suffering is displayed in the serious shortage of the essential needs, oil products and electricity as well as the deliberate spread of chaos and killing in many Yemenis cities by the current regime. The revolution still continues despite all these difficulties and the different double standard policy, especially what we see from the determination and obstinacy of Saudi Arabia and its scandalous support to President Ali Saleh and his regime. Or it could be from what we see as a deliberated slowness and indulgence by America and its allies about what is happening to the Yemeni people from genocide, mass killings, oppression and abuse.
As it appears, Saudi Arabia is doing its best in political efforts (not economical) in changing the course of the Yemeni Youth Revolution to take another course under the name of “peaceful and smooth transfer of power”. As if what is happening in Yemen is a struggle for power between two parties-Saleh's regime and JMP (opposition parties) - not the people’s revolution against injustice and corruption. That was completely obvious when the Gulf Initiative that is officially supported by Saudi overlooked the Yemeni Youth Revolution. The protesters that are in the streets and Squares around the Yemeni cities for the past 4 months, demanding, with one voice (the departure of President Saleh and his regime and their trail).
Saudi Arabia has failed to persuade President Saleh to sign the Gulf Initiative for the third time, despite all the temptations and financial guarantees and the no criminal prosecution to him, his family and his regime symbols. Yemenis have been waiting for Saudi Arabia to increase the pressure on President Saleh that put them in an embarrassing and weak situation at the local and global level. However, Saudi faced the refusal of President Saleh's signature of the Gulf Initiative, as if it didn't care about it.
President Saleh went further in trying to cover his rejection to sign the Gulf Initiative by drawing the attention of those interested in Yemen's revolution to other places when he decided to escalate the repression and killings in Sana’a. He declared war against Sheikh Sadiq Al-Ahmar, a senior Sheikh of Hashid Tribe, and his brothers, who are known to have special care by Saudi Arabia. After that, Saleh created the destruction, torture and displacement of citizens of Abyan (Zinjabar) under the so-called war on Al-Qaeda. He also committed the massacre and holocaust in Taiz by killing the young protesters in Freedom Square; accompanied by bombing and destroying Arhab, Nahm and Al-Haima as well as other Yemeni cities. President Saleh added to his criminal record during the two weeks that followed his rejection to sign the Gulf Initiative (350 dead, more than 5,000 wounded, and 50,000 displaced residents). Saudi Arabia and America stood still and did not take any action towards this, as if it doesn’t mean anything to anyone.
The Yemeni people did not know that Saudi Arabia is interested and in love with president Saleh until after the bombing which happened inside the Yemeni Presidential Palace. At that time Saudi Arabia quickly panicked and feared for Saleh’s life and the symbols of his regime. Saudi sent senior medical staff that was equipped with aircraft rescue and ambulance. Saudi Arabia did not only save President Saleh, but it tried to contain the repercussions of the explosion inside the Yemeni Presidential Palace with all its ambiguities, mysteries, casualties and escorts. By this, the revolution returned to its first square. Therefore, Saudi did not look at the desperate situation of the Yemeni people and the deterioration of the economic status because of the corruption of the Yemeni President, his family and his regime. It aggravated further due to the successive delays resulting from that sterile initiative, under which it grants President Saleh, his family, symbols of the regime the adequate protection. This initiative encouraged Saleh’s regime to commit more murder and bloodshed and to spread chaos and fear.
As it seems in this case, and during the treatment of President Saleh in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia is sometimes waving the Gulf Initiative and promotes that it is the best way out of the Yemeni crisis (avoid the recognition of the Yemeni Youth Revolution). As it is also looming the return of President Saleh to Yemen soon, and sometimes that he will not return. Finally, Saudi Arabia hates and fights the youth revolution in Yemen and any other Arab country because it fears the success of them and their impact on its own people.
The Gulf Initiative has become the representative of the hopes and dreams of murderers and corrupters in President Saleh’s regime. Saudi Arabia is waving the Gulf Initiative as the only exit, after an open statement from Saudi to Saleh’s regime to continue murdering and killing the youth revolution. It also represents a legal paper to bargain and exert pressure on President Saleh and symbols of his regime to implement what achieves its objectives. As it also assures its commitment to President Saleh, whether he is dead or alive along with the most prominent symbols of his regime in order to be able to control the raging fire in Yemen, and keep all the strings of the political game that affects the lives and future of the Yemeni people today and tomorrow. In order to achieve that, Saudi Arabia would its political and financial power to protect and guarantee the survival of the symbols of corruption in the Yemeni regime, whether they are remnants of Saleh or someone else.
In the same context, the American positions seem to be very strange to the Yemeni Youth Revolution. According to United States of America's moral values of humanity and freedom of people and nations and its efforts to combat corruption and money laundering and forbidding to suppress and kill people. Although these ethics and values declared by the United States day and night to the other nations to reflect the culture and behaviour of the American people, they only stand out in limited situations and disappear in many cases and situation around the world. It would be naive to recognize America as a symbol of freedom and liberty in the world, or that they advocate and defend oppressed people, it is much far from that.
The so called- Arab Spring (Revolutions of Change in the Arab World) finds that the ethics and values of America ebbs and flows depending on the rhythm and music of the American policy-oriented basis to actually serve the U.S economy. Thus, America has set up many barriers and impediments towards any threats to the streams and resources of the U.S economy in most parts of the world. It is noted that the Tunisian people's revolution and the subsequent great success and lightning of the Egyptian people's revolution surprised America and the world. A revolution led by people without weapons. America did not pay any attention to Tunisia and did not show significant interest in its revolution because Tunisia is not important or influential in the U.S economy or politics.
In contrast to the Egyptian people's revolution that was not expected by America, and all the corridors, influences and effects of America could not impeded or inhibit their aspirations. The speed of President Hosni Mubarak's regime collapse in front of the Egyptian people's revolution confused the plans and barriers of America and overcame it with stages. It was the reason which pushed the American politicians to announce their full support to the Egyptian people's revolution rather than to President Hosni Mubarak and his regime. Although there were some pleas from Israel to America and Europe to do their best in protecting Mubarak's regime and his survival, for he has achieved great success in protecting its security and stability. Also because the U.S had nothing in hand, and forced, America appeared saying it supports the aspirations and freedom of people and that it encourages democratic regimes and blesses them.
America did not hesitate much to intervene militarily in the beginning of the Libyan people's revolution, as it created the international legitimacy and formed military alliance that is required and has the enough ability to remove Gaddafi's regime. Interventions were not compatible with the orientations of most American politicians, and until today, the American President could not defend or justify the military intervention in Libya. The Congress and the Senate did not accept the moral justifications to defend the values of freedom and democracy. The final say and most obvious reasoning was that America does not have any economic interest in Libya to justify military intervention, or even revenge from Gaddafi who is responsible for the Lockerbie incident, or courtesy to the European countries its ally and primary stakeholder in oil and gas in Libya.
In Syria, the situation is very different because the U.S policy towards it is taking place in one direction only which is to protect the security and stability of Israel. There is no other justification that would explain the political escalation by the United States and Europe to impose economic and diplomatic sanctions and the internationalizations of the Syrian revolution. Moreover, the coming days may carry U.S and European allies arrangements for military intervention that would remove Bashar Al-Assad's regime by force.
On the other hand, the white Yemeni revolution revolted against injustice and corruption had not even received well in the ethics and values of America. But the U.S intervention in Yemen under the pretext of fighting terrorism and Al-Qaeda has encouraged President Saleh to increase repression and murder night and day under the light of the sun. As it seems to be reality of Yemen today, that America and its ally Saudi Arabia are dealing with President Saleh in a very spoiling and smooth way that is disgusting. In addition, the US ambassador in Sana’a impersonated (Bremer of Yemen) and became interested in the fuel and electricity problem that is fabricated by President Saleh’s regime. Also, the pressure on the youth in Freedom Square and threatening them if they started any escalation, and the attempt to impose Brigadier Ahmad Ali, President Saleh’s son who manages the Republican Guards forces- the most powerful trained, organized and armed army in Yemen- with the rest of the Royal Family in any settlement.
No one realized that the smooth and peaceful transition of power that was provided by the US and promoted by Saudi Arabia means that leaving the murderers and corrupted in power. Does America and Saudi protect murderers and corrupted in Yemen? No wonder if the answer was yes and a thousand yes, why? Because national security that is led by President Saleh’s nephew, Ammar, is a security systemthat was formed to serve America under the name of counter terrorism and pursue Al-Qaeda. Also, Brigadier General Yahya, the elder son to President Saleh’s brother, manages Yemeni Central Security forces and oversees the counter terrorism forces which was funded and trained by America; it also provided them with all the military supplies and equipment required. Tareq, President Saleh’s brothers’ son is leading brigades of Special Forces and President Saleh’s Guards; he is also considered to be primarily responsible of Al-Qaeda elements that belong to President Saleh. I believe that the base of the Presidential Palace is responsible for the explosion which attacked the Yemeni President and most important symbols of his regime. Also, the Yemeni air-defence and warplanes are managed by Mohammed Saleh, and he is one of President Saleh’s brothers.
Yemeni people will not receive any attention from the US because its military interests in Yemen may be subjected to risk and decrease in case a fundamental change happens in the Yemeni government regime. Thus, the Yemeni people, their revolution, their demands for democracy and civil state will not be more important that America's military and security interests, and the semi-free military facilities that President Saleh and his family provided in Yemen. America will not be ashamed if it defended President Saleh's family for their survival in the coming regime no matter how many they killed or how much blood did they shed or the amount of wealth that was looted. Nor will it regret the killing, wounds, displacement and poverty in Yemen. America was not ashamed of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Vietnam, Iraq and Afghanistan massacres. It was not interested in the democracy values and freedom to the Native Americans (Indian Americans) who were exterminated and false freedom values and democracy was built on their bodies.